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Growing Your Indoor Meyer Lemon Tree
- WHAT TO LOOK FOR:
If you purchase your Meyer lemon from a nursery, look for plants that are at
least 2 to 3 years old. Improved Meyer lemons are also suitable as
houseplants. They can be maintained at 3 to 5 feet tall and if you have the
knack, lemon trees make wonderful Bonsai specimens.
- SOIL: Like most
houseplants, citrus prefer a sandy slightly acid, all-purpose mix, which you
can get by using a peat-moss based growing mix. (Remember, you get what you
pay for, so don't go for the cheap products.)
- TEMPERATURE: Lemon
trees thrive in a normal temperature range of 70 degrees during day to 55
degrees at night. TIP: Though the plants are evergreen they will go
into dormancy and stop growing below 54 degrees F.)
- LIGHT: Set your
lemon tree in full sun from a southern exposure. Trees need lots of light. If
that's not possible, supplement the light by installing 40-watt fluorescent
shop lights above the plants -- especially important in the winter, when they
need 8-12 hours of light.
You'll need to keep the soil evenly moist and since most interiors are quite
dry, mist your plant often -- daily if you can. Give your lemon tree a shower
occasionally. They loved to be wiped down gently with a sponge.
When you grow plants indoors, bees and insects can’t pollinate them. So you
need to use a paintbrush or cotton swab to rub pollen within the flower.
Sometimes they will produce fruit without doing this, but it's a good idea to
increase your chances!
Live In A Cold
- First and foremost, avoid
planting a dwarf citrus tree in the ground - especially if you are north of
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 8.
Can it be done? Of course, there are exceptions to every rule. But don't
forget about those weekend trips in the fall, about the time the first hard
freeze arrives. When you're gone, will your neighbors be willing to go through
the trouble of protecting your citrus tree? Planting a dwarf Meyer Lemon
Tree in a container helps you to avoid this. And it allows you to
interior-scape during the cold months.
- Container size is very
important. Choose a container that is ample for the tree. A 10-15 gallon
container will allow for a 10-feet-tall tree under perfect conditions. Under
average conditions, a tree can reach 7-8 feet in a pot this size. Allow for a
few years of growth, so that you are not repotting every spring. A 10-15
gallon container is excellent for a 3-4 year old specimen. And make sure
your container has a drain plug.
- To pot a Meyer Lemon
citrus plant, start with a layer of stones or broken pottery, then add
well-draining soil. Make sure you put in just enough soil so that the root
ball is barely covered. If the trunk is below the soil line, it will rot.
- To keep the tree small,
allow it to be root bound. But make sure there is enough soil on the sides of
the pot so the tree can absorb water.
Q. Can I grow a dwarf lemon tree at my home in
A. Dwarf citrus trees can be successfully grown
in containers throughout the United States. For best results, place
your dwarf lemon trees on a porch or patio in the spring, summer and early
fall. As winter approaches and temperatures begin to drop in the thirties,
bring your trees indoors and place in a window with a western or southern sun
exposure. The fruit will begin to ripen as you bring the trees indoors. Within
a couple months, the trees will bloom again as they’re moved back outside for
spring. Sometimes it will actually blossom before they go outside.
Article courtesy of Adam J.
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